Assessing reading – Year 5 expectations
- Apply knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes to read aloud and to understand the meaning of unfamiliar words.
- Read further exception words, noting the unusual correspondences between spelling and sound, and where these occur in the word.
- Attempt pronunciation of unfamiliar words drawing on prior knowledge of similar looking words.
- Re-read and read ahead to check for meaning.
- Become familiar with and talk about a wide range of books, including myths, legends and traditional stories and books from other cultures and traditions and know their features.
- Read non-fiction texts, and identify purpose and structures and grammatical features and evaluate how effective they are.
- Identify significant ideas , events and characters, and discuss their significance.
- Learn poems by heart, for example, narrative verse, haiku.
- Prepare poems and plays to read aloud and to perform, showing understanding through intonation, tone, volume and action.
- Use meaning-seeking strategies to explore the meaning of words in context.
- Use meaning – seeking strategies to explore the meaning of idiomatic and figurative language.
- Identify and comment on writer’s use of language for effect, for example, precisely chosen adjectives, similes and personification.
- Identify grammatical features used by writer – rhetorical questions, varied sentence lengths, varied sentence starters, empty words – to impact on the reader.
- Draw inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions.
- Justify inferences with evidence from the text.
- Make predictions from what has been read.
- Summarise the main ideas drawn from a text.
Assessing Reading – Year 5 Mastery
- Express opinions about a text, using evidence from the text, giving reasons and explanations. Point, evidence, explanation. (PEE)
- Adapt own opinion in the light of further reading or others’ ideas.
- Identify formal and informal language.
- Know the features of different narrative text types, for example, adventure, fantasy, myths.
- Compare texts by the same writer.
- Compare texts by different writers on the same topic.
- Summarise key information from different texts.
- Empathise with different character’s points of view.
- Infer meaning using evidence from the text and wider reading and personal experience.
- Explain how a writer’s use of language and grammatical features have been used to create effects, and impact on the reader.
- Explain how punctuation marks the grammatical boundaries of sentences and gives meaning.
- Know how the way a text is organised supports the purpose of the writing.
- Use scanning and text marking to find and identify key information.
- Use paragraphs to structure the plot in narrative writing, showing changes in time, place and events.
- Use changes in time and place to guide the reader through the text.
- Use paragraphs to organise information logically and shape a non-fiction text effectively.
- Sustain and develop ideas within a paragraph, introducing it with a topic sentence.
- Close text with reference to its opening.
- Re-order sentences to create impact on the reader.
- Use expanded noun phrases to add well thought out detail to writing.
- Use punctuation to clarify meaning of sentences – commas to mark phrases and clauses.
- Use dialogue effectively and punctuate it accurately.