- Apply knowledge of root words to read aloud and to understand the meaning of unfamiliar words.
- Apply knowledge of prefixes and suffixes to read aloud, and to understand the meaning of unfamiliar words.
- Use combined knowledge of phonemes and word derivations to pronounce words correctly, for example: arachnophobia, audience.
- Attempt pronunciation of unfamiliar words drawing on prior knowledge of similar looking words.
- Read fluently, using punctuation to inform meaning.
- Read and become familiar with a wide range of books, including modern fiction, fiction from our literary heritage, and books from other cultures and traditions.
- Read books that are structured in different ways.
- Recognise texts that contain features from more than one text type.
- Consider and evaluate how effectively texts are structured and laid out.
- Read non-fiction texts to support other curriculum areas.
- Read closely to ensure understanding.
- Recommend books that they have read to their peers, giving reasons for their choices.
- Identify and discuss themes in a range of writing and across longer texts.
- Identify and discuss the conventions of different text types.
- Identify key points in an appropriate text.
- Learn a range of poetry by heart, for example, narrative verse, sonnet.
- Prepare poems and plays to read aloud and to perform, showing understanding through intonation, tone, volume and action.
- Identify and comment on writer’s choice of vocabulary, giving examples and explanation.
- Identify and explain how writers use grammatical features for effect, for example, the use of short sentences to build tension.